Gintarė Malinauskaitė: Mediated Memories: Narratives and Iconographies of the Holocaust in Lithuania
This book explores mediated memories of the Holocaust in Lithuania from 1990 until today. The analysis focuses on press, photographs, and films. The first section of the book examines the history of the Holocaust in German occupied Lithuania as well as its memorialization in Soviet Lithuania and in the Lithuanian-American exile community. A substantial examination of the construction of Holocaust memories in the Soviet times and in the Lithuanian exile in the postwar years is crucial in understanding the development of Holocaust narratives and iconographies in Lithuania after 1990.
The second half of the study then reveals the development of Holocaust narratives and offers a periodization of the Holocaust memorialization in Lithuania after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Three main periods are distinguished: the first years of independence (1990-1995), the years of integration into Western organizations (1995-2004), and the period after Lithuania’s accession to the EU and NATO (2004 to present).
The third section of the book focuses on iconographies of the Holocaust in Lithuania in film and photography. These narratives are first depicted through the analysis of film images of the homecoming of Lithuanian Jews. The visual perspective of the Holocaust is then enriched by the study of photographs taken by perpetrators and Jewish victims during the Holocaust in Lithuania. The book discusses how these Holocaust images have been perceived and mediated after collapse of the Soviet Union. Finally, by exploring the representation of Jewish femininity, the use of Holocaust images of children and the emergence of iconographic female partisan narratives, the book discusses how the memories of the Holocaust in Lithuania have been gendered in recent times. This work offers a multi-perspective insight into how memories of the Holocaust in Lithuania are narrated, visualized, and gendered through different types of media.
Studien zur Ostmitteleuropaforschung Bd. 46
2019, VIII, 300 S., 25 Abb. sw
€ 56,00, ISBN 978-3-87969-433-4
Gintarė Malinauskaitė is a research fellow at the Vilnius Branch Office of the German Historical Institute Warsaw. She defended her doctoral thesis in History at Humboldt University in Berlin in 2017. Her research interests focus on Holocaust research, memory studies, war crimes trials, and the history of Lithuania (19th and 20th centuries).