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Simonsen Collection: Photographs of seaside resorts and popular excursion destinations in the Baltic Sea region from 1900 to 1939



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Title

Simonsen Collection: Photographs of seaside resorts and popular excursion destinations in the Baltic Sea region from 1900 to 1939

Description

The collection encompasses a number of photographic works from the former film archive of the “Graphische Kunstanstalt Julius Simonsen” (Julius Simonsen Graphic Art Institute), which was established in Oldenburg in 1899. It consists of 6,400 glass plate negatives, 100 35mm films containing approximately 4,500 individual photographs, as well as around 11,200 positives and around 3,500 picture postcards. The majority of the pictures were produced in the first three decades of the 20th century and document, predominantly, the spa and bathing resorts in Western and Eastern Pomerania, as well as nearby aristocratic or royal residences and excursion destinations in this popular tourist region. In addition, the collection contains photographs from the bordering regions of Mecklenburg and East and West Prussia. Both the negatives and prints served as templates for reproductions of photograph and postcard series and many were therefore subsequently touched up (in some cases in the 1930s and 1940s). Here, the various different versions of a picture motif together with information on their circulation and printing techniques, which can be found on the back of some prints, provide interesting insights into the business of commercial postcard production in the first half of the 20th century.

Content Material/Research

Materials

ca 20 Aerial photographs
ca 10,900 Negatives (photograps)
ca 11,200 Positives (Photographs)
ca 3,500 Postcards

Research online

Descriptions of superordinate collections

Visit

Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe – Institute of the Leibniz Association
ISIL: DE-2718

Gisonenweg 5-7
35037 Marburg
Website

Image Archive
ISIL: DE-2310

Website
Team
Opening times:
Mon–Thu 8 a.m.–4:30 p.m.
Fri 8 a.m.–3 p.m.

Indexing

Referenced/represented regions

Baltic SeaEast PrussiaGermanyKaliningrad OblastMecklenburgPolandProvince Pommerania (Prussia)...

Topics

Bathing resortContemporary historyEveryday lifeHealth resortHistoricismRestSeaside resortTourismTourist resort...

Referenced/represented time period

1896–1939

Classification

Architecture historyCultureLeisure and tourism historyRegional and country history...

Languages

German...

History/Provenance

In 1899, the business man Julius Simonsen took over the Christensen photography studio in Oldenburg having completed a three-year apprenticeship. In the following years, he became a major producer and distributer of postcards, specializing in picture motifs of Baltic Sea resorts in the Pomerania region. The firm expanded and maintained numerous local branches up until the outbreak of World War One. In the 1920s, the product line was able to be expanded to include tourist regions further afield (the Black Forest, Harz Mountains, Thuringia). After the Second World War, the business had to be restructured due to the loss of markets in Poland and the GDR. The integration of a book printing company increasingly replaced the branch of the business responsible for producing and distributing postcards, which finally ceased operations in 1957. The collection was offered up for sale by the firm Simonsen in 1961, and the Herder Institute acquired the part of the collection containing the photographs from the Baltic Sea region.

Creation/Production

Time Event: 1896-1932
Place/Area: Oldenburg  Mecklenburg  East Prussia  Province Pommerania (Prussia)
Owner: Simonsen, Julius +
Photographer: Simonsen, Julius +

Creation/Production

Time Event: 1932-1957
Place/Area: Oldenburg  Mecklenburg  East Prussia  Province Pommerania (Prussia)
Owner: Simonsen, Hans
Photographer: Simonsen, Hans

Aggregation/Collecting: Company archives

Time Event: 1896-1932
Place/Area: Oldenburg
Photographer: Simonsen, Julius +

Aggregation/Collecting: Company archives

Time Event: 1932-1957
Place/Area: Oldenburg
Photographer: Simonsen, Hans

Provenance

Time Event: 1932-1961
Place/Area: Oldenburg
Owner: Simonsen, Hans

Acquisition/Transfer of Custody to Herder Institute: Purchase

Time Event: 1961
Place/Area: Marburg
Transferal number: 643 a
Lessor of the collection: Simonsen, Hans
Collection recipient: Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe - Scientific collections, Image Archive

Context Material

Literature

THOMAS URBAN: Fotografien von Julius Simonsen : aus einer Sammlung im Bildarchiv des Herder-Instituts Marburg 2004. [PPN: 442447833]   HeBIS Discovery System (HDS)

https://www.simonsendruck.de/druckerei/gestern-und.html

http://www.guestrow-history.de/julius-simonsen

THOMAS URBAN: Fotografien von Julius Simonsen : aus einer Sammlung im Bildarchiv des Herder-Instituts Marburg 2004. [PPN: 442447833]   HeBIS Discovery System (HDS)

Ausstellungen

Schinkel and his pupils: following the trail of great architects in Mecklenburg and Pomerania, 2004   Website

Record Information

ID: DE-2718/HI000024
Record Type: Group/Holding
List title: Simonsen Collection: Photographs of seaside resorts and popular excursion destinations in the Baltic Sea region from 1900 to 1939
Title: Simonsen Collection: Photographs of seaside resorts and popular excursion destinations in the Baltic Sea region from 1900 to 1939
Short Title: Simonsen Collection
Repository Name: Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe, Image archive [ISIL: DE-2310]  +
Source/Rights: Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe – Institute of the Leibniz Association [ISIL: DE-2718]  +
Image: Family spa resort in Zoppot, Photo: Julius Simonsen, before 1932, Image Archive, Inventory number: 132188, Rights of use: Herder Institute, Marburg
Author: Urban, Thomas
Reviser/Editor: Bauer, Elke
Export date: 2019-03-05