Kurland Property Records

This publication entitled “Kurland Property Records” opens up an essential source on Livonian history of the late Middle Ages and Reformation period, and makes these materials available and usable for research. In particular, it provides new insights on matters relating to economic, social and population history.
In cooperation with Klaus Neitmann (Baltic Historical Commission Göttingen/Potsdam), edited by Daphne Schadewaldt.

The “property records”, which concern rural land tenure during the latter period of the Duchy of Kurland, are primarily fiefdom documents, bills of sale, and mortgage deeds as well as documents relating to, among other things, marriage agreements, boundary inspections, judicial disputes, and annuity business. These are documents that were omitted when the Livonian, Estonian and Kurland record book was published, so this edition presents a collection of sources that have, until now, remained largely unknown. The publication covers the time period from the year 1230, when the first documents were handed down, until the end of Livonian independence in 1526.

The publication project received financial support from the Marga and Kurt Möllgaard Foundation in Frankfurt am Main, and the work was carried out, at intervals, from April 1998 until the end of March 2003. The editing process began with the rediscovery of a manuscript by German-Baltic historian Albert Bauer, which was held in the Institute’s document collection. In the 1930s and 1950s, Bauer had gathered a large number of significant source materials from various archives (522 documents in total, 381 of which contained text). As part of the project, originals and/or photographs of these documents were collated, processed and edited using a critical methodology, and numerous additional pieces from archives in Berlin, Riga, Stockholm, and Copenhagen were collected and incorporated. The resulting publication contains close to 1,100 relevant and significant documents.

The text of the records is in german.

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People A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Places A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

1 document

Papst Alexander IV. erneuert die Privilegien des Zisterzienserinnenklosters St. Jakob zu Riga und bestätigt dem Kloster seine Besitzungen, darunter den Besitz im Dorf Paepolde[{\em Groß-Jungfernhof 27 km w Kokenhusen, am rechten Ufer der Düna}], das Land bei dem Fluß Düna[{\em Klein-Jungfernhof 1 km südl. Groß-Jungfernhof, am linken Ufer der Düna}], 50 Haken[{\em Jungfernhof 4 km w Bauske}] in Upemelle[{\em Upmale, semgallische Landschaft zwischen Kurl. Aa und Düna südl. der Stadtmark Rigas, bis über die Memel hinausreichend}] und 100 Haken in Semgallen in Sascegele und Serpen[{\em Laut LGU 1 S. 30 Anm. 2 wohl Jumpraweeten 20 km ssö Frauenburg, an der Grenze des 1254 dem Rigischen Domkapitel zugefallenen semgallischen Burggebiets von Dobene zu dem Wildnisgebiet zwischen Schrunden und Semgallen gelegen, Name von lett. jumprawa = Jungfrau, weeta = Wohnstätte, dagegen laut A. Bauer, Semgallen und Upmale in frühgeschichtl. Zeit, in: Baltische Lande Bd. 1, Leipzig 1939, S. 328 mit (einem Gesinde?) Jumpravnieki Gemeinde Neuenburg in Zusammenhang zu bringen.}]. Anagni, 1260 Febr. 13
sonstige Urkunde Gedruckt Livländische Güterurkunden Bd. 1, Riga 1908, Nr. 27 nach beglaubigter Kopie des 16. Jahrhunderts.
B: von dem Notar Henricus Gerdes begl. Kop. nach Ausf