Conflicts and Conflict Models in Industrial Cities (1850-1939) in East Central Europe

October 4-5, 2018, Herder Institute, Marburg, Lecture hall

In the course of industrialization processes, newly founded cities in denominational and ethnical mixed regions created a special environment for the formation of conflicts and conflict resolution strategies. As all migrants arrived mostly in fast growing boomtowns, visions and concepts of a new beginning for everyone and a melting pot for new urban societies arose. Social conflicts among first and second generation migrants were often more intense than religious, linguistic and ethnic conflicts. At the same time, supporters of modern nationalism feared such "denationalized" urban societies. They escaped in urban criticism and launched concepts according to which "foreign" immigrants had only "guest status". A special understanding of urbanity grew out of this constellation, which reflects on conflict resolution models.

What does this mean for conflict constellations in such industrial cities?
Have they developed delayed and expressed initially as social conflicts?
Under what conditions and which forms were social conflicts transformed into ethnic conflicts?
To what extent did crucible concepts have relevance and how were they transformed into the 20th century?
Under which conditions could conflicts cool down, even be resolved or continue into the present?

The interdisciplinary conference focuses on East Central European industrial cities being on the climax of their development between 1850 and 1939 (e.g. Lodz as a textile city, Daugavplis and Minsk as railway junctions and industrialization centers, Boryslav and Drohobycz as centers of the mineral oil industry, Salgótarján as a city of the mining and steel industry etc.).

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